Quality Safety Environment




Read more


Toys safety
The safety of toys is governed by various standards, of which one, in particular, applies to printing inks.

The French NF EN 71-3 Standard of March 1995 reproduces, in full, the European EN 71-3 Standard that was approved by the European Normalisation Committee on 20th December 1988. Part 3 of this Standard covers the migration of certain metals from materials used for making toys. The limits imposed by the European EN 71-3 Standard, or by national legislation when Community regulations do not apply, concern the composition of one of the constituent components, either of the toy itself (plastic material, for example) or of part of the toy (the ink film, for example).

A distinction should be made between:
• Components containing metal derivatives that may be used voluntarily in an ink formulation. These derivatives are as follows: Lead, Mercury, Cadmium, Zinc, Selenium, Barium, Chromium.
• Impurities, in the form of metal derivatives, not known to the ink manufacturer but for which the suppliers can provide maximum content details: Arsenic, Antimony, Aromatic Amines.

Standards or legislation relating to the safety of toys cover all of these metal derivatives. For the most part, they come from organic pigments. The pigments used for the manufacturing of inks that are used as constituent ingredients of toys comply with the purity requirements, within the limits of statistical control. These analytical controls on the levels of «heavy» metals used by the manufacturers of colouring materials are not carried out on each production batch but on series of batches.

The limits set by legislation are given in the following table.

Do not hesitate to contact ours QSE department for any question.

Regulations pertaining to toys
% content, calculated in the toy itself or its varnish 
 
UK
Europe
1
Europe
2
USA
Australia
Lead
0.250 T
0.009
0.009
0.06
0.010 T
Arsenic
0.01 T
0.0025
0.0025
0.01
0.010 T
Mercury
0.01
0.006
0.0025
0.01
0.010 T
Cadmium
0.01
0.0075
0.0050
0.01
0.010 T
Zinc
x
x
x
x
x
Selenium
-
0.05
0.05
x
0.010 T
Barium
0.05
0.05
0.025
0.05
0.010 T
Chromium
0.025
0.006
0.0025
0.025
0.010 T
Antimony
0.025
0.006
0.006
0.0025
0.010 T
Aromatic amines
x
x
x
x
x
The limits given above relate to the percentage of extractable impurities in the coloured pigmented paints or in the finished
articles (in so far as they are not marked with a «T»).
T = Total content
x = Not specified


United Kingdom
«Consumer Protection» Statutory Instrument n°1367 (1974). The Toys (Safety) Regulation 1974 (specified as the amount which can be extracted by the coloured material). (Also Proposal of BS 5665) (United Kingdom).

Europe
EN 71-3
Sécurité des Jouets (Toy Safety), Part 3: Migration of certain elements (replaces EN 71/3, 1982 edition) (European Normalisation Committee)
1. General remarks: paints, coatings and other substances for toys (see § 3.2, EN 71)
2. Colours for paints and plasticine for children (see § 3.9, EN 71).
For further details, also refer to
88/378/CEE – Directive of the Council of the 3rd May 1988 for the harmonisation of the legal requirements in Member States.

U.S.A.
ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) F963-86 (4.3.5.1 -
4.3.5.4) Standard Consumer Safety Specifications on TOY SAFETY, U.S.A.

Australia
Australian Standard 1647 (1982) Children Toys, Parts 3, Toxicological Requirements. Australian Standard 2070.6 (1984) Plastics Material for Food Use Colorants.

The legislation covering toys is constantly evolving: please contact us for further information.
Top of the page
  Home |  Legal |  Site Map | Flux RSS


Conception Café Noir